Executive Order #26 of 2017

Executive Order #26 of 2017 entitled “Providing for the Establishment of Smoke-Free Environments in Public and Enclosed Places” was issued by Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte on 16 May 2017. This executive order invoked the Clean Air Act of 1999 and the Tobacco Regulation Act of 2003 to impose a nationwide ban on smoking in all public places in the Philippines.

Reading down, Section I defines the Designated Smoking Area (DSA) as the only place permitted to “smoke” outside your own home; and reading down to Section IV, it defines the guidelines in designing such spaces. Below is a summary.

Non-Smoking Buffer Zone is a ventilated area betwwen the DSA and the Smoke Free Zone not located in an open space. It is fully enclosed with a door that is distinct from the DSA’s door and is at least 2.0 meters away from the DSA’s entrance.

Designated Smoking Area (DSA) is the only place you can smoke.

  1. Only one (1) DSA per building or conveyance
  2. Not allowed in the following areas:
    • centers of youth activity such as playschools, preparatory schools, elementary schools; high schools, colleges & universities, youth hostels and recreation centers for minors
    • elevators & stairwells
    • locations in which fire hazards are present
    • withing the building and premises of medical facilites (private and public), health centers, laboratories, nursing homes, dispensaries, optical and dental clinics
    • food preparation areas
  3. Must be 10 meters away from any entrance, pathway, congregation area, or anywhere people pass-by as well as any air intake duct
  4. Maximum total area of the DSA and the NSBZ is 20% of the total building area
  5. Minimum area is ten square meters (10.0 sqm)
  6. The space must be “enclosed,” no opening except for a door equipped with an automatic door closer
  7. It is mechanically ventilated
  8. If inside a building, a “Non-Smoking Buffer Zone” must be created where the DSA’s door is at least 2.0 meters away from the Non-smoking Buffer Zone’s door
  9. If inside a building, ventilation system must be independent of all ventilation system serving the building or conveyance
  10. Must post “Smoking Area” Signage
  11. Must post prohibition of entry of minors
  12. Must post “Graphic Health Warnings” on the use of tobacco

SMOKING GRAPHICS DSA

Also, facilities  must put up “No Smoking” signs with the following specification:

  1. Minimum dimension is 8″x11″
  2. No smoking logo must be 60% of the sign
  3. Remaining 40% to show pertinent information on the law itself and penalties for its violation.

Here’s a sample I made with a little bit of tweak.

SMOKING_1

Hope that helps.

Architecture

Architecture
Written by Roger Scruton

Architecture, the art and technique of designing and building, as distinguished from the skills associated with construction. The practice of architecture is employed to fulfill both practical and expressive requirements, and thus it serves both utilitarian and aesthetic ends. Although these two ends may be distinguished, they cannot be separated, and the relative weight given to each can vary widely. Because every society—whether highly developed or less so, settled or nomadic—has a spatial relationship to the natural world and to other societies, the structures they produce reveal much about their environment (including climate and weather), history, ceremonies, and artistic sensibility, as well as many aspects of daily life.

The characteristics that distinguish a work of architecture from other man-made structures are (1) the suitability of the work to use by human beings in general and the adaptability of it to particular human activities, (2) the stability and permanence of the work’s construction, and (3) the communication of experience and ideas through its form. All these conditions must be met in architecture. The second is a constant, while the first and third vary in relative importance according to the social function of buildings. If the function is chiefly utilitarian, as in a factory, communication is of less importance. If the function is chiefly expressive, as in a monumental tomb, utility is a minor concern. In some buildings, such as churches and city halls, utility and communication may be of equal importance.

The present article treats primarily the forms, elements, methods, and theory of architecture. For the history of architecture in antiquity, see the sections on ancient Greece and Rome in Western architecture; as well as Anatolian art and architecture; Arabian art and architecture; Egyptian art and architecture; Iranian art and architecture; Mesopotamian art and architecture; and Syro-Palestinian art and architecture. For later historical and regional treatments of architecture, see African architecture; Chinese architecture; Japanese architecture; Korean architecture; Oceanic art and architecture; Western architecture; Central Asian arts; Islamic arts; South Asian arts; and Southeast Asian arts. For a discussion of the place of architecture and architectural theory in the realm of the arts, see aesthetics. For related forms of artistic expression, see city; interior design; and urban planning.

Read more here.

DPWH on Demolishing Intramuros

This popped up on Facebook today: http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/blogs/opinions/09/12/14/dpwh-plans-demolish-intramuros-ease-traffic

Hot Manila – by Alan Robles
Posted at 09/12/2014 8:28 PM | Updated as of 09/12/2014 8:28 PM

Are they insane?

The Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) is “seriously considering” destroying the 440-year-old walled city of Intramuros in order to speed up the flow of cargo trucks from Port Area.

According to totally unreliable source and vague spokesman Duane Gollum-Dumayo, “planners looked at the Port Area map and they saw this huge 64-hectare congested riverside walled neighborhood blocking the route and they said, what’s that? Let’s blow it up.

“With lots of dynamite.”

Asked if DPWH realized Intramuros is a precious cultural and historic heritage area, the very heart of Manila, the vague spokesperson replied, “it’s just a big stone lump to the planners, also they checked it out and found out it’s already been destroyed before, so it’s not like it’s going to be the first time.

“Besides”, he added, “they won’t destroy everything, they’ll probably leave the churches standing, as well as that Fort Santiago thing. And the Commission on Elections.”

The DPWH aroused protests from historians earlier this week when it said it would bulldoze the Anda Circle monument at the foot of Del Pan Bridge. It said the circle, which has a marble obelisk dating back to 1871, was hampering truck movement from the port, which for months has been congested with a mountainous backlog of undelivered cargo containers.

Now, Gollum-Dumayo, who described himself as “a sleazy lurker and college failure,” explained, “the guys figured, hey, while we’re doing Anda Circle, we may as well get rid of everything else in the area that looks historic and useless. That’s when they noticed Intramuros.”

He said, “as soon as they clear the Intramuros rubble and widen the truck road, DPWH can start with reblocking and flyover projects that will immediately pay off in terms of fees to contractors.”

According to the sleazy vague spokesman, planners estimated that tearing down Intramuros could reduce cargo trucks’ trip time by “up to five minutes.”

Gollum-Dumayo revealed that if the Intramuros demolition proved successful, the department might eradicate nearby landmarks as well.

“They don’t want the public to think they’re sleeping on the job or anything like that. They’ve already prepared a list of places to clear to widen the roads: there’s Rizal Park, the National Museum, Philippine Normal University, Ayala Bridge – oops, no wait, the trucks need that bridge to cross the Pasig River.”

Gollum-Dumayo said “DPWH anticipates people might be upset about knocking down the National Museum, so they’ll just call it by its old name and say they’re demolishing the Congress building. They’re pretty sure people will even come along and help.”

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Disclaimer: The views in this blog are those of the blogger and do not necessarily reflect the views of ABS-CBN Corp.